3D modeling of terrain and spatial visualization of underground facilities in the "Crveni breg" mine

  • Luka Crnogorac University of Belgrade - Faculty of Mining and Geology
  • Zoran Gojković University of Belgrade - Faculty of Mining and Geology
  • Aleksandar Milutinović University of Belgrade - Faculty of Mining and Geology
  • Aleksandar Ganić University of Belgrade - Faculty of Mining and Geology
  • Rade Tokalić University of Belgrade - Faculty of Mining and Geology
Keywords: digital aerial photogrammetry; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); 3D modeling; underground facilities; object protection;


This paper presents the process of making the 3D model of terrain, digital elevation model and orthophoto at the location of the "Crveni Breg" mine. The necessary photos were taken with a 20-megapixel digital camera attached on the DJI Phantom 4 Pro photography UAV. AgiSoft PhotoScan was used to create the 3D model of terrain. A spatial visualization of mining facilities on the second horizon of the “Crveni Breg” mine was carried out with the assistance of this 3D model of the underground facilities designed in the Autodesk Civil 3D software. Two 3D models were connected to obtain complete spatial visualization of the area. The aim of this paper is to present a general overview of the possibilities that emerge by combining digital aerial photogrammetry and 3D models of underground mines, primarily in the context of protecting infrastructure, and other objects from the impact of underground mining operations as well as serving as a quick, simple, easy and relatively reliable track for potential subsidence.


AGISOFT LLC (2018) Metashape — photogrammetric processing of digital images and 3D spatial data generation. [Online] Available from: http://www.agisoft.com/ [Accessed 19/12/2018].

AUTODESK (2018) AutoCad Civil 3D. [Online] Available from: https://www.
autodesk.com/products/civil-3d/overview [Accessed 19/12/2018].

CHEN, J. and CLARKE, K. C. (2016) Rapid 3D Modeling Using Photogrammetry Applied to Google Earth. In: Proceedings, AutoCarto2016. The 19th International Research Symposium on Computer-based Cartography, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

CRNOGORAC, L. (2016) Mining Activities Through History At Avala Locality, Podzemni radovi, 28, pp. 61-67.

DIREKTORAT CIVILNOG VAZDUHOPLOVSTVA REPUBLIKE SRBIJE (2015). Pravilnik o bespilotnim vazduhoplovima. [Online] Available from: http://cad.gov.rs/upload/regulativa/Pravilnik%20o%20bespilotnim%20
vazduhoplovima%20(Sl%20glasnik%20RS,%20broj%20108-15).pdf [Accessed 19/9/2018].

FIVEADVENTURES (2016) Can you believe it? DJI launch a new drone ‘Phantom 4 Pro (& Pro Plus)’–A comparison with others. [Online] Available from: https://fiveadventurers.com/Home/new-dji-phantom-4-pro/ [Accessed 19/9/2018].

GANIĆ‚ A. (2011) Geodezija sa rudarskim merenjima. Beograd: Rudarsko-geološki fakultet.

GERKE, M. (2018) Developments in UAV-Photogrammetry. Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 3-2018, pp.262-272.

GOJKOVIĆ, Z., RADOJIČIĆ M. and VULOVIĆ, N. (2017) Application For Coordinate Transfomation Between Gaus - Kruger Projection - Bessel Ellipsoid And Utm Projection - Wgs84 Ellipsoid. Podzemni radovi, 30, pp. 29-45.

GOOGLE MAPS (2018) Google maps. [Online] Available from: https://www.google.
com/maps/ [Accessed 19/12/2018].

GRADSKA OPŠTINA VOŽDOVAC (2018) Opsti podaci. [Online] Available from: https://vozdovac.rs/opsti-podaci/ [Accessed 19/9/2018].

KOVANIČ, L. et al. (2017) Surveying of Open Pit Mine Using Low-Cost Aerial Photogrammetry. In: The Rise of Big Spatial Data (pp. 121-129). Springer, Cham.

MIKHAIL, E. M., BETHEL, J. S., and MCGLONE, J. C. (2001). Introduction to Modern Photogrammetry. New York: Chichester: Wiley.

VASSENA, G. and CLERICI, A. (2018) Open Pit Mine 3d Mapping by Tls and Digital Photogrammetry: 3d Model Update Thanks to a Slam Based Approach. In: The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XLII-2, 2018 ISPRS TC II Mid-term Symposium “Towards Photogrammetry 2020,” 4–7 June 2018, Riva del Garda, Italy.

RCSHOP (2018) [Online] Available from: https://rcshop.rs/proizvod/dji-phantom-4-pro-obsidian/ [Accessed 19/9/2018].

SLUŽBENI GLASNIK (2015) Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije broj 108/2015. [Online] Available from: https://www.paragraf.rs/glasila/rs/sluzbeni-glasnik-republike-srbije-108-2015.html [Accessed 19/9/2018].

SZ DHU TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD. (2018) [Online] Available from: https://www.dji.
com/phantom-4-pro [Accessed 19/9/2018].

TUNG, W.Y., NAGENDRAN, S. K. and ISMAIL M.A.M. (2018) 3D rock slope data acquisition by photogrammetry approach and extraction of geological planes using Facet plugin in Cloudcompare. In: IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 169.
How to Cite
Crnogorac, L., Gojković, Z., Milutinović, A., Ganić, A., & Tokalić, R. (2018). 3D modeling of terrain and spatial visualization of underground facilities in the "Crveni breg" mine. Podzemni Radovi, (33), 17-30. https://doi.org/10.5937/PodRad1833017C

Most read articles by the same author(s)