Model for estimation of stress field in the Earth's crust
Model za procenu napregnutosti Zemljine kore
Stress field or in-situ stress, beside rock mass strength, determines stability or instability of underground openings. It plays key role of every rock engineering project, and has been subject of many researches. There are many theoretical models of the stress field of the Earth's crust which have more or less limited domain of applicability. However, those models usually express horizontal stresses as ratio with vertical stress component. On the other side, it is well known that deformation modulus of the rock mass is dependent on the lateral stress it is subjected to. This dependence is, herein, coupled with practical findings of the stress field behavior and incorporated into the stress filed model. As the result new formulation for the stress filed components is obtained.
BARTON, N. (2007) Rock quality, seismic velocity, attenuation and anisotropy. Boca Raton (FL): CRC press.
BROWN, E. and HOEK, E. (1978) Trends in relationships between measured in-situ stresses and depth. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, 15 (4), pp. 211-215.
HOEK, E., and DIEDERICHS, M.S. (2006) Empirical estimation of rock mass modulus. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 43 (2), pp. 203-215.
KULHAWY, F.H. (1975) Stress deformation properties of rock and rock discontinuities. Engineering Geology, 9 (4), pp. 327-350.
MULLER, B. et al. (1992) Regional patterns of tectonic stress in Europe. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 97 (B8), pp. 11783-11803.
RICHARDSON, R.M. (1992) Ridge forces, absolute plate motions, and the intraplate stress field. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 97 (B8), pp. 11739-11748.
RUMMEL, F., MÖHRING-ERDMANN, G. and BAUMGÄRTNER, J. (1986) Stress constraints and hydrofracturing stress data for the continental crust. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 124 (4), pp. 875-895.
SAVAGE, W., SWOLFS, H. and AMADEI, B. (1992) On the state of stress in the near-surface of the Earth's crust. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 138 (2), pp. 207-228.
TERAGHI, K. and RICHART, F.E. (1952) Stresses in Rock About Cavities. Géotechnique, 3 (2), pp. 57-90.
VAN HEERDEN, W.L. (1976) Practical application of the CSIR triaxial strain cell for rock stress measurements. In: Proceedings of the I.S.R.M. Symposium, Investigation of Stress in Rock: Advances in Stress Measurement;Preprints of Papers. Sydney, 1976. Barton, ACT: Institution of Engineers, pp. 1-6.
VERMAN, M. et.al. (1997) Effect of tunnel depth on modulus of deformation of rock mass. Rock mechanics and rock engineering, 30 (3), pp. 121-127.
ZANG, A. and STEPHANSSON, O. (2009) Stress Field of the Earth's Crust. Netherlands: Springer.
ZANG, A. et al. (2012) World stress map database as a resource for rock mechanics and rock engineering. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 30 (3), pp. 625-646.
ZHAO, Z., WANG, W. and Gao, X. (2014) Evolution laws of strength parameters of soft rock at the post-peak considering stiffness degradation. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 15 (4), pp. 282-290.
ZOBACK, M.L. (1992) First-and second-order patterns of stress in the lithosphere: The world stress map project. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 97 (B8), pp. 11703-11728.