Blast-induced damage and its impact on structural stability of underground excavations
Uticaj miniranja na strukturnu stabilnost podzemnih prostorija
Analysis of rock wedge stability plays important role in tunneling and hard rock mining. Today there are many procedures for prediction of wedge formation and their stability. These procedures consider preexisting joints in rock mass, and there is no procedure that considers blast-induced cracks and their impact on structural stability of excavations. Using main principles of new rock blasting theory it is possible to assess length and density of radial cracks around blastholes. Herein, one simple excavation situation in hard rock is presented, where only two joint sets were present. This made it impossible for rock wedges to form. After blast-induced crack with limited persistence was added to analysis as result unstable rock wedge was formed. in addition to presented problem it is suggested how mechanical properties of blast-induced cracks could be estimated using Barton-Bandis failure criterion. As final result it was clear that without blast- induced cracks no wedge stability analysis is complete.
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