Industrial waste utilization in building material industry

Upotreba industrijskog otpada u industriji građevinskih materijala

  • Milena Kostović University of Belgrade – Faculty of Mining and Geology
Keywords: fly ash; metallurgical slag; characterization; standards; cement; concrete; grinding


  Paper presents some aspects of industrial waste utilization, like fly ash from thermal power plants and slag from metallurgical processes, in building material industry, especially in cement and concrete production. Fly ash and metallurgical slag, which can have cementitious or pozzolanic properties, must have appropriate chemical, physical and mechanical characteristics for this utilization. Some data about fly ashes and cooper slag in Serbia are presented. Also, some Serbian and international standards which follow this utilization are presented. Beside this, grinding can be applied as technological process in the aim of better utilization of fly ash and slag.


AYDIN, S. et al. (2010) The effect of grinding process on mechanical properties and alkali-silica reaction resistance of fly ash incorporated cement
mortars. Powder Technology, 197, pp.68-72.

AL-JABRI, K.S. et al. (2011) Effect of copper slag as a fine aggregate on the properties of cement mortars and concrete. Construction and Building
Materials, 25, pp.933-938.

BRINDHA, D. and NAGAN, S. (2010) Utilization of Copper Slag as Partial Replacement of Fine aggregate in Concrete. International Journal of Earth and
Engineering. 3, pp.579-585.

BRZAKOVIĆ, P. (2002) Površinski kopovi i termoelektrane u Kostolcu – proizvođači uglja, električne energije i dragocenih materijala i sirovina za
građevinarstvo. Elektroprivreda, 4, pp.59-74.

CALDAS-VIEIRA, F. and FEUEBORN, H.J. (2013) Impact of Political Decision on Production and Use of Coal Combustion Products in Europe. In:
Proceedings of the 2013 World of Coal Ash Conference (WOCA), Lexington KY, April 22-25. Lexington: University of Kentucky,

CANADIAN CENTRE FOR ENERGY INFORMATION (2002-2013) How does a thermal power plant work? [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 5/10/13].

CHAVAN, R.R. and KULKARNI, D.B. (2013) Performance of copper slag on strength properties as partial replace of fine aggregate in concrete mix design. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies, /II/IV/July-Sept., pp.95-98.

ČAĐENOVIĆ, B. et al. (2012) Mogućnost iskorišćenja bakrenca iz topioničke šljake kod njenog direktnog izlivanja iz peći. Rudarski radovi, 2, pp.137-142.

EUROSLAG (n.d.) Advantages of slag products [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 8/10/13].

EUROSLAG (n.d.) Ferrous slag – general information [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 8/10/13].

EUROSLAG (n.d.) Statistics 2010 [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 8/10/13].

EUROSLAG (n.d.) European standards – Technical guides [WWW]. Available from:
technical-guides/ [Accessed 8/10/13].

HEADWATERS, INC. (2005) Increasing utilization – What we can do? [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 14/10/13].

KIATTIKOMOL, K. et al. (2001) A study of ground coarse fly ashes with different finenesses from various sources as pozzolanic materials. Cement &
Concrete Composites, 23, pp.335-343.

KOSTOVIĆ, M. et al. (2008) Neki aspekti primene elektrofilterskog pepela u građevinarstvu. Zbornik radova III Simpozijuma o reciklažnim tehnologijama i održivom razvoju sa međunarodnim učešćem, Soko Banja, 05-08 October 2008, Bor: Univerzitet u Beogradu - Tehnički fakultet Bor, pp.97-103.

LAFARGE GROUP (2012) Supplier of copper slag [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed

NAGANATHAN, S. and LINDA, T. (2013) Effect of Fly Ash Fineness on the Performance of Cement Mortar. Jordan Journal of Civil Enineering, 7(3), pp.326-331.

SCOTASH (n.d.) BS EN 450 Fly Ash – Sustainable solutions for construction specialists [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 1/10/13].

SRPS B. C1.018:2001- Nemetalne mineralne sirovine; Pucolanski materijali - sastojci za proizvodnju cementa.

SRPS B. C1.011:2001- Cement.

SRPS B.C1.017:2001 - Nemetalne mineralne sirovine; Zgura - sastojak za proizvodnju cementa.

STANOJLOVIĆ, R. et al. (2008) Wastefree technology for processing smelter slag from Bor copper mine. Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, 44A(1), pp.44-50.

SHI, C. and QIAN J. (2000) High performance cementing materials from industrial slags - a review. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 29, pp.195-207.

SHI, C. et al. (2008) Utilization of copper slag in cement and concrete. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 52, pp.1115–1120.

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA, ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER (1992-2013) Coal Ash Research ASTM C618 [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 15/5/13].

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRNSPORTATION – FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION (n.d.) TechBrief: Blended and performance cements [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 10/10/13].

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRNSPORTATION – FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION (n.d.) User Guidelines for Waste and Byproduct Materials in Pavement Construction [WWW]. Available from: [Accessed 10/10/13].
How to Cite
Kostović, M. (2013). Industrial waste utilization in building material industry. Podzemni Radovi, (23), 77-87. Retrieved from