Criteria for CO2 storage in geological formations
CO2 storage in geological formations represents today one of the main new technological solutions for CO2 emission mitigation. Carbon capture and storage technology (CCS) includes capture of anthropogenic CO2 from various emitters, its transportation and injection in different types of geological formations such as: depleted oil and gas reservoirs, saline formations, unmined coal beds, partially depleted oil reservoirs for enhanced oil recovery (EOR–CO2 method) and others. The analysis of numerous criteria that are determining the success of process implementation from a technical, safety, ecological and economic point of view is necessary for considering the optimal CO2 geological storage option.
In this paper, an overview of CO2 geological storage types is presented, with an emphasis on criteria for selection of most adequate CO2 storage option. They include geological, physical, thermodynamic, hydrodynamic, techno economic, social criteria, as well as the regulatory issues that are key factors for CCS technology development and further deployment.
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